Free Online Beginner Friendly Keyboard Lessons: Step By Step Guidelines


keyboard lessons 1:

Fingering And Keyboard Layout:

Before we begin the real keyboard lessons, we must first cover the topics of fingering and keyboard layout.

To begin, here are some tips on how to finger:

Your fingers should be bent like a ball when you rest them on the keyboard. In this keyboard lesson, you’ll learn how to finger the keyboard.

Improper fingering is a common beginning error, making it harder to grasp scales, arpeggios, chords, and other concepts. Taking just one modest step will make learning the keyboard a lot simpler.

The numbering approach is used in the following keyboard lessons. It implies that each note corresponds to a numbered finger on the hand.

Besides making it easier to play the keyboard, fingered music also makes reading music notation simpler. Notes have numbers either above or below them that tell you which fingers to use for each note.

piano finger placement

Let’s speak about keyboard layout now, since you’ll need to know where your fingers belong. The layout of a real piano or an electronic keyboard remains the same, although a keyboard has fewer keys.

Keyboards should have the same number of notes as an acoustic piano, at least in terms of the number of keys. There are 49, 61, and 76 keys on certain keyboards. The minimum number of keys on your keyboard lessons should be 61 if you’re serious about learning how to play.

There will always be a group of 12 notes that go from left to right across the keyboard, no matter how many keys you have (bottom to top).

I want you to be able to find any of these notes, no matter where you look on the piano. The Middle C note should be your primary priority. A keyboard’s white key locates to the left of the first of two black keys closest to the center.

There are 12 notes, hence Middle C may be discovered once every 12th one. Find out all of the C’s on the keyboard lessons and play them, as well.

They should have the same pitch, but be either higher or lower. It is easy to perceive that two or three C’s are in harmony if you play them all simultaneously.

A through G should be a piece of cake after you’ve worked out where the C is on the keyboard. You can play the “Do, Re, Mi, Fa, So, La, Ti, Do” scale you learned in school if you play all the white keys from C to D. Later, I’ll cover the different notes’ fingerings.

The white keys are all I’ve discussed thus far. What do the dark keys do? Notes have two names: sharp and flat, which might perplex newcomers.

Play a note on Middle C. Now, press the first black key on the keyboard to the right. You would need a C-sharp for this. Once you’ve hit Middle C, play the black key on your keyboard to the left of it. That is a C flat, by the way. Let’s get started learning how to play the keyboard now that you’ve mastered the fundamentals of finger positioning and keyboard layout.

keyboard lessons

keyboard lessons 2:

Right And Left-Hand Fingering:

In these next keyboard lessons, you’ll learn how to play the piano’s keys, as well as how to hold your wrists and hands in a suitable position. I will do this by conducting a series of simple tasks. Sit comfortably at the piano or keyboard to get the ball rolling.

Right-Hand Fingering:

Place your index finger on the Middle C key on the keyboard using your right hand (thumb). Set your index finger on the white note to the right of Middle C, and then your middle finger.

Start with the 3rd (middle) finger, then the 4th (ring or third), and then the 5th (pinky) finger on the next white key. You should always keep your fingertips on these five keys at all times.

Keep your wrist up so that your fingers may bend inwards. It is time for the first position, or the middle C position, which is called position 1.

Play a brief numbered pattern with your right hand while in this stance. Each note will release before you hit the next.

The following is the pattern:

1 – 2 – 3 – 4 – 5 – 4 – 3 – 2 – 1

When you play each note, be careful to merely move your fingers and not sway your hand back and forth. Playing the notes with fingers 3 and 4 may take some getting accustomed to, but practice will make perfect.

Here is a lengthy chunk of the keyboard lessons to help you understand the numbers system and start your fingers working. At the same loudness and independently, each note must play. When you begin, play each note slowly and without pauses.

Work on your form until you can complete the exercise flawlessly. Once you’ve mastered the slower tempo, you’ll be able to speed up your playing. Remember that each note must play equally forcefully to have the same loudness. It refers as “legato” playing.

Left-Hand Fingering:

For this keyboard lesson, I’ll go over everything I covered in Lesson 1. However, this time I’ll be using the left hand instead of the right.

Because it’s reversed, the numbering will be a bit off. The first step is to find Middle C once again, but this time with the left hand. To begin, place the 5th finger on the middle C.

Using the 4th, 3rd, 2nd, and 1st fingers, press the white key adjacent to Middle C, then the three white keys after that.  It is an essential concept to grasp in this keyboard lecture. It is the ideal place for your fingertips to rest on the keyboard.

5 – 4 – 3 – 2 – 1 – 2 – 3 – 4 – 5

Do you think this was simpler with your left hand, more complex with your right hand, or about the same complexity with both hands?

Try the same practice again, but this time play each note one at a time, without pause, and with the same vigor. Once you’ve perfected the technique, start increasing the pace at which you play the succession of notes.

As with the right hand, you want to make sure your left hand is stable and not swaying. Most of the work should be done at your fingertips. You are back to playing in a legato manner, which is commendable.



Having mastered the legato technique, you may now go on to learning how to play staccato. The only difference is that instead of playing the notes such that the ring, you will be playing them in brief bursts, as described above.

Start with a single note to get a feel for it. Strike the key repeatedly and fast. Staccato is what you are hearing here. Use this method throughout the full sequence after you’ve mastered it for one note.

Play it gently at first, then gradually increase the tempo as you become more familiar with the style.

When playing staccato, tensing the hands is a common novice error. Keep your hands loose and avoid squeezing the muscles. The more tight your hands are, the slower you will go.

At this point in your piano training, you may use the staccato action as long as you’re bouncing your hands from the wrists and not the arms. Make careful to use both hands while practicing this approach.

keyboard lessons 3:

Right-Hand Exercises:

Please return to the right hand for a little time. It is usually the lead hand, which is the one that plays the melodies while the left hand is responsible for the bass lines. I will practice right-hand exercises in C major in this session.

Remember how you learned to use the numbered finger method earlier? It is when it truly begins to pay dividends for the user.

I’ll begin with this string of 15 digits, one for each of your fingers. Play these notes without glancing down at your hands.

In theory, this should be a breeze if your fingers are in the correct position. You can cheat the first bunch of times if you want to. However, you must make a concerted effort to keep your eyes off of your hands when you’re playing. There are a lot of numbers in the series.

Exercise 1:

1 – 2 – 3 – 4 – 5 – 4 – 3 – 2 – 1 – 2 – 3 – 4 – 5- 4 – 3

So, begin by placing your right hand in the Middle C position and observing the aforementioned sequence. Play each note one at a time, without looking at your fingers, and see how it goes.

To ensure your fingers are where they should be, you don’t need to pay attention to where they are at all times. Once you’ve mastered the sequence, you may concentrate on increasing your pace. Work on both legato and staccato versions of the piece.

Exercise 2:

When you’ve nailed the legato and staccato parts of this pattern, it’s time to move on to something more challenging. In this case, you’ll still need to utilize the same fingers and identical numbers, but since the sequence is disjointed, your fingers will be working harder.

The pressure applied to each key should be the same. Work on speed when you’re comfortable typing without looking at the keyboard. Again, work on legato and staccato techniques.

1 – 4 – 2 – 5 – 3 – 1 – 5 – 4 – 2 – 1 – 3 – 5 – 4 – 1 – 5

keyboard lessons 4:

Left-Hand Exercises:

Now that you’ve mastered easy exercises with your right hand, it’s time to switch to the left hand. Meanwhile, the C key is seven notes to the left of Middle C on the keyboard.

The thumb and pinky are numbered one and five, respectively, on both hands. Place your left hand in the C posture, with your fingers resting on the keys, and press the keys.

The numbers you played in the first keyboard lessons with your right hand are what you’ll be playing now with your left.

Exercise 1:

1 – 2 – 3 – 4 – 5 – 4 – 3 – 2 – 1 – 2 – 3 – 4 – 5- 4 – 3

As before, begin gently and gradually increase your pace while maintaining a legato manner of playing.

You may begin playing in staccato whenever you are certain that you can play these notes in the correct sequence without glancing down at your hands. Once again, start slowly and pick up the tempo as your confidence builds.

Once you’ve mastered the first set of notes, you’re ready to go on to the second, which is a little trickier.

Exercise 2:

1 – 4 – 2 – 5 – 3 – 1 – 5 – 4 – 2 – 1 – 3 – 5 – 4 – 1 – 5

After practicing the exercises from this and previous keyboard sessions, it’s time to start using both hands.

keyboard lessons 5:

Two-Hand Exercise:

In these keyboard lessons, I’ll focus on exercises that use both hands. To begin, locate the key marked “Middle C” on your keyboard.

You should start with your right hand at the Middle C position and your left hand slightly below that. Make sure your wrists are bent and your fingers are curled a little bit.

Hopefully, you’ve learned the numbers that correlate to each finger. Start with the two-handed workouts straight away.

Exercise 1:

You’ll practice the same right-hand notes from the right-hand lesson while learning new left-hand notes in these keyboard lessons. It is because at least for those just starting, learning on a single hand is simpler.

There are now two lines of numerals, one for the right hand and one for the left hand. You will note that the left hand has a smaller amount of numbers. It is because, for every note played with the left hand, you will be playing two notes with the right hand.

If you’re having problems, give it a few attempts and you’ll get the hang of it. Practicing melodies with your right hand and bass lines with your left hand can help you improve your overall technique.

Play the ones, threes, and fives in unison with your left hand while keeping the second note in your right hand free for use. To practice this, hold one note with your left hand while playing the second note with your right.

Getting accustomed to using both hands will take some time, but don’t give up. At this point, it is safe to increase the pace at which you play both lines without glancing down at your keyboard.

Exercise 2:

This time, I’ll add a left-hand line to the exercise you played with your right hand, exactly as I did previously. Because the numbers are more dispersed this time, you’ll need to pay more attention to your actions.

You don’t even need to look down at your hands at this point in the procedure if your fingers are beginning in the C position properly.

Exercise 3:

After becoming comfortable playing the notes with both hands, it’s time to increase the difficulty a little. There will be no double right-hand notes this time, and you will play the same notes with each hand.

Using your right hand to move in one way and your left hand in the other direction makes this exercise more difficult than the last one. Since your thumb is 1st, you’ll start both lines with your thumb.

This workout will put your coordination to the test and help you become better at it. After that, you’ll have to utilize both hands to play various notes simultaneously, which will help you improve your coordination even more.

Exercise 4:

Throughout this practice, you’ll be playing two notes at once. The notes for each hand will be entirely different this time around. Starting with your right hand in the Middle C posture and your left hand in the C position, I’ll begin this practice.

Spend a few minutes looking at the notes in this chart and, if required, looking at the keyboard to see where your fingers are about them. After that, use both hands to play the notes. Keep your hands out of sight. Playing any series of notes without looking should be possible at this point if you started at the appropriate position.

keyboard lessons 6:

The C Scale:

There is no denying that practicing scales may be tedious, but it is a need for any keyboard player who wants to become proficient. When learning to play scales, you don’t need to learn how to read music or utilize key signatures.

Many intricate scales are not what I’m going to put in your hands. Instead, I’ll focus on the C scale, which performs on the white keys, for the remainder of these keyboard lessons.

Put your hands in the C position by referring to your finger numbering. The notes C, D, and E may play with the first three fingers of the left hand. The thumb should be on F and the pinky should be on C, just above Middle C, with your right hand in this position.

This is the time to finalize the scale. In other words, the left-hand counts to a total of five, whereas the right-hand counts to a total of five. Play this scale again and over until you feel comfortable with it, increasing the tempo as you develop greater confidence.

keyboard lessons 7

Chords In The Key Of C:

Learn how to play chords if you want to perform any of your favorite songs on the keyboard. The key of C will be my starting point for these beginner keyboard lessons, so I’ll focus on the chords in that key.

These are the chords in C major: C major 7th; C major 7th; D minor 7th; E minor 7th; F major 7th; G major 7th; A minor 7th; B diminished 7th; B minor 7th flat five; and B minor 7th flat eight. All of these pieces play on the piano’s white keys, which require the use of three to four fingers.

Begin on the C chord. When you’re ready to play the C chord, locate middle C, which will be the initial note. The other two notes in this chord are E and G. The E note is two notes to the right of the C, while the G is four notes to the right of the C.

Tap the C with your thumb, the E with your index finger, and the G with your ring finger to make this chord. At the same time, play all three notes. Playing your first chord on the keyboard is now a reality.

As a follow-up to seeing how simple it is, here are the notes you’ll need to play for the remaining C chords. Finger naming isn’t on the agenda for now. At this stage, you should have a decent idea of where your fingers should position on the piano keyboard.


Only a fraction of the keyboard’s potential has been explored here, but you now have a solid basis on which to build your musical journey.

If you’re interested in composing or performing popular music, here is a great place to start, but even if you want to improve your reading abilities, you may apply what you’ve learned here.

If you’re having trouble grasping the concepts presented here, I strongly suggest engaging with a local piano instructor who has a reputation for being patient and knowledgeable.

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